Sunday, March 11, 2007

Answering some questions about Garmon

My dear accordion friend Mr.Yoshiya from Japan have asked me a couple of questions that I think will be useful to post the reply to my blog.

Dear Yoshiya,
That will be very kind of you to send me the DVDs.
About questions :
1- Note that Garmon is mostly played with 4 fingers not all of the time.So esp.in playing scales we surly must use our thumb exactly like playing accordion.
As you intend to begin playing Garmon,I will prepair and send you photos showing the situations of holding Garmon,your hands,....as soon as possible because they are very important and must be considered to have a comfortable play.
As an experience of mine,I recommend you to try to play it completely with 5 fingers(If you don`t intend to become a professional Garmon player),because playing with 4 fingers although improves fingers fast actions,esp.fingers 3,4&5,affects your accordion 5 finger playing badly.
2- We have two types of installing 1/4 tones for Arabic & Farsi music on Garmon:
a-Putting extra clav.in the empty places between mi&fa and si&do
b-Putting extra air valve for the existing clav. and attaching both of them to the main clav. using especial mechanism.
The white Garmon is from group "a"
About my Hohner, I have used the empty spaces on reed blocks to add 1/4 tone to it so you see just 4 of them. All registers work properly with the new system.As you see they are double storey clav.s the lower one is the standard tune and sliding one is 1/4 tune.
Putting 1/4 tones by using registers will affect workability of accordion i.e. the number of reeds for standard tune will be decreased as well as 1/4 tones.
I myself don`t play 1/4 notes but for their arrangement (On my Hohner) I have got some advices from specialists in order to be able to play in more scales.
1/4 notes can be added to free reed instruments in various ways,especially according to the possibilities of instrument.
I have designed an instrument that you can change every note you want to 1/4 tone or other tones by rotating a botton on grill.
But as it is a very precise and hard work, I was not able to plan to start the work yet.
Please don`t hesitate to ask any other question.

Gholamreza Seyed Hasani,

Sunday, March 4, 2007


Garmon is an Azarbijanian traditional instrument.It is very similar to(Or even the same as) very old accordions.As far I know Garmon has been brought to U.S.S.R.(Departed Russia)from Europe and then by Russians to Azarbaijan Country(Then,as a part of Russia).

The main differences between Garmon and Accordion are as follows:

1-Size of Garmon is standard(Max.2-3cm difference according to various makers)

Big differences in overall size is very rare(I have made one for my collection).

2-It has 2 octaves and a half in right hand(From low "do" to high "fa) and

exactly the same system in the left hand just arranged with round keys that is

used to play melodic parts or even (Rarely)bass and cord(Like acc.).

3-It is tuned a half tone lower than accordion i.e.its "do" sounds as "si" of acc.

4-In right hand it has 5 or 6 set of reeds for white clav. and 3 or 4 set of reeds for

black ones!

In left hand it has mostly 2,3 or4 set of reeds.

5-It is mostly played with 4 fingers (Except thumb).

6-It is made in two types a-"Factory made" b-"Fully hand made by various

private makers.

7-It has not any register and its griff is smaller than acc.
**As you can see in above photos,all of my own products have two left hand
systems , Accordion system and Garmon standard system.